Brutalism

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In their short statement published in 1957, Peter & Alison Smithson wrote that the essence of Brutalism in not stylistic but ethical. Discuss what this meant for their architectural philosophy and practice, with reference to specific buildings.

  1. William Curtis, Modern Architecture since 1900, Chapter 29-30
  1. Elaine Harwood, Space, Hope and Brutalism, 2014
  1. Max Risselada (ed.), Alison & Peter Smithson: A Critical Anthology, 2011
  1. Irenee Scalbert, ’The Smithson and the Economist Building Plaza’, in Architecture is Not Made With the Brain: The labour of Alison & Peter Smithson, ed. M. Mostafavi, 2005
  1. Alison & Peter, Smithson, ‘The New Brutalism’, Architectural Design, April 1957

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