Evidence Based Public Health

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Instructions:

ESSAY TITLE:
Cochrane review summarу: Summary of ‘Interventions for improving coverage of childhood immunisation in low- and middle-income countries’.

INSTRUCTIONS

1) Summarise one Cochrane review. The Cochrane review you have to summarise is:

Oyo-Ita A, Wiysonge CS, Oringanje C, Nwachukwu CE, Oduwole O, Meremikwu MM. Interventions for improving coverage of childhood immunisation in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD008145. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008145.pub3. At: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008145.pub3/full

NOTE: This Cochrane review is 97 pages long so check which pages you need first before you print it.

2) Referencing instructions:

• This is the only source you need to read for this essay so I will accept the reference citation presented exactly as it is shown above.

• If you summarise research that is cited in this Cochrane review – you do NOT need to provide those additional references in your essay. You can paraphrase. For example, this sentence copied from the review: ‘Global DTP3 coverage hovered around 5% in 1974, when EPI was launched, and increased very slowly to 17% in 1980 (WHO 2012b).’ would be edited to become ‘The review, citing a WHO 2012 report, highlighted that …’

3) Essay writing instructions:

In the essay you must address all these points:

• Provide a short summary of the rationale for the review and the problems that the interventions are meant to address.
• Provide a PICOT table for the selection criteria, i.e., the ‘Methods for considering studies for this review’.
• Identify the key criteria used for assessing the risk of bias in the included studies. You only need to summarise the key criteria – you do not need to conduct a risk of bias assessment.
• Summarise the main findings, i.e., what do we learn from this review?
• What are the types of interventions in the studies identified in the review?
• Describe 2-3 implications for future research.
• Are there any gaps in the evidence base?

4) Word count:

The essay must be around 2000 words but must not exceed 2250 words. The words in the tables contribute to the total word count.

6) Essay writing tools:

The La Trobe site is a good one with many links to learning materials: https://www.latrobe.edu.au/students/learning.

If you are out of practice with writing essays and need a simple guide on writing paragraphs, paraphrasing and summarising, then this RMIT resource is very good: https://emedia.rmit.edu.au/learninglab/content/writing-skills.

8) Essay 1 marking matrix

50-59% – D 60-69% – C 70-79% – B 80-100% – A

Addressing and understanding the Topic Provides some evidence of having read and thought about the assessment requirement. Has some understanding of key issues and concepts.

Shows a limited understanding of the review.

Has not completely grasped the issue of the scope and framing of the review.

Provides some detail about the review. Shows some independent thinking about the assessment requirement.

Demonstrates a reasonable understanding of key issues and concepts.

Demonstrates some understanding of the review.

Has some understanding of the issues associated with how the review has been framed.

Provides a good summary. Responds thoughtfully to the assessment task.

Demonstrates a good understanding of key issues and concepts.

Demonstrates good understanding of the review.

Demonstrates awareness of how the review question has been framed and the implications for the findings.

Provides a very good summary. A sophisticated approach to the assessment task.

Demonstrates a solid understanding of key issues and concepts.

Demonstrates excellent understanding of the review.

Demonstrates awareness of the scope of the review, how the review question has been framed and the implications for the findings.

Succinct and comprehensive summary.

Expression Intelligible, although frequent errors in word choice, accuracy, expression or style may cause some strain for the reader. There are some errors in word choice and/or grammar, expression or style but these do not interfere with understanding. Shows confidence in academic writing; contains only minor errors in spelling and grammar.

Clear and concise written expression.
Formatting& referencing Limited ability to paraphrase &/or overuse of direct quotes. Little evidence of ability to reference correctly. There are some problems with paraphrasing &/or over use of direct quotations. Demonstrates a basic understanding of referencing conventions. Selected source material is most incorporated correctly & appropriately and the author’s voice is clear. There may be minor errors in referencing.
Selected source material is incorporated seamlessly and effectively into the writing and referenced correctly.

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